Born may 9th 1921 in forchtenberg, germany, her father hans, was the mayor of the town. She was the fourth of five children and brought up a Lutheran at a time when religion and politics were difficult to disscuss as a young person, especially a woman. Sophie was smart and did well in her classes showing a talent for drawing and painting. Her required involvment in the german league of girls was felt as something unfair and at an early age likely felt forced into a world she did not belong. As fascism and Nazism began to sweep over germany many people had dissenting views. Her father, brothers and teachers all held particular strong opposition to the ideals of hitlers germany and in 1937 sophie would witness her brothers arrest for being involved in the german youth movement, who were opposed to war. It was in hopes of avoiding mandatory military service that she took a job as a kindergarten teacher, yet she was still forced to work for the military at this position anyways. Her interest in art and literature grew and she became acquainted with the kids who also felt rebellious. in may 1942 she entered the university of munich where she became a student of biology and philosophy. In the same year her father was jailed for the following statement made to a co-worker… “ This Hitler is a scourge to all mankind, and if this war doesn’t end soon the russians will be sitting in berlin.” She and her friends attempted to practice and promote peaceful resistance top the nazis after word of what was happening got to civilian areas. Rumors, that were all too true, of men being stripped naked and shot into trenches were heard by sophie and her peers. Her brother hans was in the mindset that something must be done and formed a group called the white rose resistance movement, which was to be a mass passive resistance in hopes of choking off the resources the nazis had. The white rose movement had few members and included a philosophy teacher at the university. The group further promoted the idea of passive resistance and sent pamhplets out anonymously to germans citizens, mostly lecturers and bar owners. They also painted anti nazi slogans on walls such as “down with Hitler” and “Hitler mass murderer”. They believed that the youth of germany had the power to overthrow Hitler and the nazi government. In the leaflet entitled “fellow fighters in the resistance” they wrote “the name of germany is dishonoured for all time if german youth does not finally rise, take revenge and smash its tormentors. Students! The people look to us.” This was all they could do as the fascists were iron fisted in their intolerance, a fact that would soon be well known by the group. Although he tried to shelter her from the group’s activities, sophie was persistent and eventually began to work for the group. As a woman she was less subject to searches and did a fine job of distributing pamphlets around the city. An earlt pahmphlet read as follows.
Germans! Do you and your children want to suffer the same fate that befell the Jews? Do you want to be judged by the same standards as your traducers? Are we do be forever the nation which is hated and rejected by all mankind? No. Dissociate yourselves from National Socialist gangsterism. Prove by your deeds that you think otherwise. A new war of liberation is about to begin. The better part of the nation will fight on our side. Cast off the cloak of indifference you have wrapped around you. Make the decision before it is too late! Do not believe the National Socialist propaganda which has driven the fear of Bolshevism into your bones. Do not believe that Germany's welfare is linked to the victory of National Socialism for good or ill. A criminal regime cannot achieve a victory. Separate yourself in time from everything connected with National Socialism. In the aftermath a terrible but just judgment will be meted out to those who stayed in hiding, who were cowardly and hesitant.
On February 18th sophie and her brother were spotted by nazi Gestapo dropping leaflets from a window at the university and they were both immediately arrested. Two days later three members of the white group were found guilty of sedition and sentence to death. A few hours laters they were executed by guillotine. Her brother hans shouted “long live freedom!” just before he was executed. Sophie herself had some final words as well and just before being led to her execution at the age of 22 she was recorded as saying to someone “how can we expect righteousness to prevail when there is hardly anyone willing to give himself up individually to a righteous cause? Such a fine, sunny day, and I have to go, but what does my death matter, if through us thousands of people are awakened and stirred to action?” in mid 1942 a smuggled copy of the 6th leaflet was dropped in the millions by the allied forces over germany retitled “the manifesto of the students of munich”.